|Musa Dzhalil is born as Musa Mustafovich Salilov on February 15, 1906, in the village of Mustafa in the governorate of Orenburg. He begins to publish poems as a teenager and becomes a member of the Communist party. After studying literature in Moscow, he works as a dramaturge at the Tatar State Opera in Kazan. In 1935, the first Russian translations of his poems are published. In 1940, he becomes the chairman of the Tatar Literary Association and to this day is regarded as one of the most important authors in the Tatar language. After Germany’s invasion of the USSR in June 1941, he is drafted and serves as a political officer and war correspondent. In June of 1942, he is seriously wounded and captured. After a while, he joins the Wehrmacht propaganda unit for the Legion Idel-Ural under the false name Gumerov. With his patriotic writings, he strengthens his compatriots’ will to resist the National Socialists. In August of 1943, he is arrested with his comrades. On February 12, 1944, he is sentenced to death, and on August 25, 1944, he is murdered in Plötzensee.