|Julius Fučík is born on February 23, 1903, in Prague-Smíchov. In 1921, he joins the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ). The critical journalist writes for the literary magazines Kmen and Tvorba, and for the central organ of the Communist Party Rudé Právo. After the Munich agreement and the prohibition of the KSČ in 1938, Fučík writes for various bourgeois newspapers under a pseudonym. When Czechoslovakia is occupied by German troops in March of 1939, Fučík goes underground in Prague. From February 1941 on, he belongs to the illegal domestic leadership of the Communist Party. On April 24, 1942, he is arrested by the Gestapo. A prison officer gives Fučík the opportunity to write and smuggles his texts out of prison. Thus in the spring of 1943 in Prague’s Pankrác prison Fučík writes his ”Reports Written under the Noose,” which is published in many languages after the war. On August 24, 1943, Fučík is taken to Berlin, and on August 25 he is sentenced to death by the ”People’s Court.” Early in the morning of September 8, 1943, Julius Fučík is murdered in Plötzensee.